2019 20 Most Promising New Material
Graphene Graphene is currently found in the thinnest, hardest and strongest thermal conductivity properties of a new type of nanomaterial. Graphene is known as \”black gold\” and \”King of new,\” the scientists even predicted that graphene will \”revolutionize the 21st century.\” Interestingly, the birth of graphene did not use the \”tall\” science and technology, but two scientists from the University of Manchester in England with transparent tape from the graphite crystal \”stick out\”. Graphene is currently the most promising alternative is to become a silicon manufacturing ultra-miniature transistors, for the production of future supercomputer. According to the relevant experts, graphene substituted silicon, the operating speed of the computer processor will hundreds of times faster. And recently, scientists at the Massachusetts Institute study found, under certain circumstances, graphene can be converted into a topological insulator with unique features. The study found, is expected to bring a new method of fabricating a quantum computer. Secondly, the graphene can help the development of super capacitors, lithium ion battery. According to related statistics, the graphene material is added, an equal volume of capacitance can be expanded more than 5 times the capacity, and the lithium electrode was added graphene can significantly increase their conductivity. In addition, graphene can also be applied to the circuit, touch screen, gene sequencing and create a wing-like ultralight aircraft, ultra-tough body armor and other fields. and three kinds of reform-eighth plenary military and national security agencies decide carbon fiber reinforced expectations the procurement of defense equipment and security equipment, which bring good to the development of carbon fiber industry. Chinese military areas of demand for carbon fiber has been great, one of the modern strategic weapons as an essential new material, carbon fiber and composite materials for a large number of aspects of strategic missiles, stealth fighters, modern warships and non-lethal weapons. During the second five light alloys, China will focus on the development of high-strength light alloy materials. The goal of the project is 2015, the key to the development of new varieties of alloys made a major breakthrough in the formation of high-end aluminum alloy 300,000 tons, 20,000 tons of high-end titanium alloy materials, high-strength magnesium alloy die-casting and profiles and sheet metal production capacity of 150,000 tons . 2014, is a high-strength light alloy to achieve sprint goal of the project, the results of which sprint worth the wait. Titanium is a lightweight alloy that occupied an important position in modern high-end weapons. According to statistics, China in recent years mass production of military aircraft airframe and engines accounted for 25% of the total mass of titanium, while the F-22Titanium proportion is as high as 41%. Since titanium has a high strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, non-magnetic superior performance, it is widely used in aerospace, chemical, oil, electricity and the like. In addition to titanium, light alloy further includes aluminum and magnesium alloys. Aluminum use earlier, and now also a high degree of popularity, often in cars, ships and other fields. The magnesium alloy is among the lightest practical metal quality, it is one of the most important new vehicle to achieve lightweight materials. Carbon nanotubes as the carbon nanotubes one-dimensional material, lightweight, connection perfect hexagonal structure, having a plurality of abnormal mechanical, electrical and chemical properties. In addition to carbon nanotubes as a mold, the filler metal, oxides and other substances within, the electronic device can be used for the nanostructure, art thermoelectric material, battery electrode material, low temperature and high sensitivity of the sensor, the biomolecule carrier, the catalyst carrier. Superconducting materials In recent years, superconducting materials having a zero resistance, complete diamagnetism and tunneling three characteristics, so that the world wide attention. Its most known use is in the power network, because no resistance, losses in the power grid to zero, will be able to save 10% -20% due to the power loss caused by the transport. Recently semiconductor material, the vigorous development of the digital home and the rise of the Internet of things to benefit the semiconductor industry. According to market research firm IHSiSuppli report shows that in 2013, home appliance semiconductor market increased by 12%, reached $ 2.6 billion last year, the figure was $ 2.3 billion. In addition, according to the semiconductor material industry including an integrated circuit, LED, solar photovoltaic like. Feature film feature film is a kind of advanced polymer materials, the type more, different applications, play an important role in strategic emerging industries. Currently, promising functional film mainly optical film photovoltaic film, a lithium battery separator, a permeable membrane treatment, barrier packaging film. Smart materials you imagine that one day the phone into his pockets will be able to charge it? British scientists use smart materials to meet the people\’s aspirations. British mobile phone company Vodafone and Southampton University to develop a portable charger, as long as your connection head in the phone can be recharged with his hip. Which shorts are made of polymeric foam material smart fabrics, it is the role of the energy produced when the body motion can be converted into electrical energy. OneGenerally believed, smart materials has seven functions, including sensing functions, feedback, recognition and accumulation of information function, response functions, self-diagnostic capabilities, self-healing capabilities and adaptive capacity. This function just to meet the seven hot nowadays wearable devices and 4D technology, in addition to the material in the medical, military, construction also has great potential. Biomaterial materials are mainly used in medicine, the current use of biological material has been produced all the organs of the body except the brain. Some products already on the market include artificial corneas, heart stents, pacemakers, artificial dura mater and so on. Photovoltaic glass and ultra-thin glass two sub-sectors included in the special glass special glass also usher in development opportunities. With the development of mobile devices industry, the demand for high performance is also growing glass, including flat glass for various flat panel display devices, for refracting light, the light transmittance of the glass mass and other aspects. In addition, the crystallized glass substrate is also used in solar energy, the integrated circuit substrate and the artificial teeth and the like. Aerogels trends: great potential of new materials, there is great potential in the field of energy saving and environmental protection, thermal insulation electronic appliances, and construction. The main mechanism (Corporation): Aspen Pengmei Guo, W.R Grace, the Japanese company Fuji-Silysia fullerene breakthrough: linear and nonlinear optical properties, like alkali metal fullerene superconductivity. Trends: the future important prospects in life sciences, medicine, astrophysics and other fields, is expected to be used in optoelectronic devices optical converter, signal conversion and data storage. Major research institutions (company): Michigan State University, Xiamen Funafuti new material and so on. Amorphous alloy breakthrough: high strength and toughness, excellent magnetic permeability and low magnetic loss, is excellent in flowability liquid. Trend: In the high frequency low loss transformer, the mobile terminal device structures and the like. Major research institutions (company): Liquidmetal Technologies, Inc., the Chinese Academy of Sciences metal, such as BYD Company Limited. Breakthrough metal foam: light weight, low density, high porosity, large surface area. Trend: an electrically conductive, inorganic nonmetallic materials can alternatively conductive applications; has great potential in the field of noise reductionforce. The main mechanism (Corporation): of Alcan (Alcoa), Rio TInto, Symat, Norsk Hydro liquid plasma breakthrough: high thermal stability, wide temperature range of a liquid, pH adjusted, polar, complexing ability. Trends: has broad application prospects in the field of green chemistry, and biology and catalysis. Major research institutions (company): Solvent InnovaTIon company, BASF, Lanzhou Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tongji University. Nanocellulose breakthrough: a biocompatible, water holding capacity, pH, stability of a wide range; a nano-network structure, high mechanical properties and the like. Trends: biomedical, enhancers, paper industry, clean, great food conduction and inorganic complexes, industrial complexes aspects magnetic prospects. Major research institutions (company): Cellu Force Company (Canada), US Forest Service (USFS), InnvenTIa Company (Sweden) and so on. Nanodots breakthrough Perovskite: nano-dots have a giant magnetoresistive perovskite, high ionic conductivity, oxygen precipitates and catalytic reduction and the like. Trends: the future has great potential in catalysis, storage, sensors, optical absorption, and other fields. Major research institutions (company): Ai Purui, AlfaAesar and other material 3D printing breakthrough: to change the traditional method of processing industry, forming quick implementation of complex structures and so on. Trends: Revolutionary molding method, the complex structure prototyping and rapid processing molding field, there is a great prospect. Major research institutions (company): Object Company, 3DSystems company, Stratasys company, Hua Shu Hi-Tech. Flexible glass Breakthrough: to change the traditional rigid glass, fragile features, revolutionizing innovation to achieve flexible glass. Trends: the future of flexible displays, folding equipment in the field, great prospects. Major research institutions (company): Corning, German SCHOTT Group. Self-assembly (self-healing) Material Breakthrough: molecularly self-assembling material, the material itself to achieve \”intelligent\”, changing the conventional method for preparing a material, the material itself spontaneously to achieve a certain shape and configuration. Trends: changeTraditional repair methods and materials preparation materials, a great future prospects in the field of molecular devices, surface engineering, nanotechnology.