A system to do more than a decade, grind 5 \”Science\”! These micelles morphology of the United States to suffocating!

In 2005, Science 125 anniversary of the founding presented 125 scientific problems facing the most challenging to address the 21st century, \”Can we push chemical self-assembly go far?\” (How far can we ? push chemical self-assembly) was introduced as an important scientific issue a chemistry (Science release: global challenges topic frontier top 125) . Self-assembly is an important method to create new materials, new structures and new functions can be defined as self-assembled by molecular bonding interactions units spontaneously reversible process organized into ordered structures non-covalently in the classical sense . In nature, life is a natural chemical self-assembly (self-assembly) and the perfect embodiment of the highest level. via self-assembly is both important structure of tissues, cells and various life activities, but also the interaction between the substance linked to natural means. Through the study of the nature of the substance contact, explore self-assembly system development needs for human life, become an increasingly urgent need. Carried out by a conventional amorphous polymer block assembly, can be a variety of micro-nano structures sphere, rod, flowers, tubes, vesicles, etc. However, these polymeric micelles are very difficult to control the growth and post-modification. Nearly twelve years ago, Ian Manners and Mitchell A. Winnik published the first \”activity on Science self-assembled \” policy-mediated self-assembly solution. For some poly ferrocene silane, polyethylene, polylactic acid, polythiophene crystalline – amorphous block copolymers, because of its presence in the epitaxially grown crystal nuclei, the block polymer is added in the same solution to continue to self-assemble at the end of the original micelles, which in turn can form micelles new extension block. The new block copolymers still have an active site, can ensure the continued growth of the whole system, such a self-assembly process referred to as \”active self-assembled\” program. Follow this scheme, a series of one-dimensional, two-dimensional, three-dimensional nanostructures are ordered regular Science , Nature Mater. , JACS , Adv. Mater. and Angew. Chem. and other well-known publications have reported. Today we have to review \”active self-assembled\” of twelve years: First Part Science: length and structure controllable co-micelles and cylindrical micelles block copolymer [123 ] traditional block polymers tend to form spherical micelles in solution, and only a small component of the block polymer may be a cylindrical rod-like micelles in solution. Because of the idiosyncratic crystalline polylactic ferrocene silane, such as a block polymer consisting of polyethylene ferrocenylsilanes – 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! b – polyisoprene (PFS-PI), poly ferrocenylsilanes – b – polydimethylsiloxane, (PFS-PDMS), poly ferrocenylsilanes – b – polymethylvinylsiloxane (PFS-PMVS) and poly ferrocenylsilane – b – poly 2-vinyl pyridine (PFS-P2VP) can be freely obtained a rod-like micelles in a series of solution, as in FIG. 1 A is B dioxane obtained after ultrasonic PFS53-PI320 rod-like micelles. Such a special form offers more possibilities to explore the self-assembly properties of the polymer.

1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 1. After a short rod-shaped ultrasonic PFS-PI obtained and the long cylindrical micelles obtained after assembly
found a rod of PFS-PI obtained from block polymer very stable micelle,

while adding an appropriate amount of this solution of PFS53-PI320 of the copolymer in tetrahydrofuran or toluene solution, micelles can be correspondingly epitaxial growth . by the dynamic light scattering to quantify the length of the micelle, the authors found that addition of 0.5 mg respectively PFS53-PI320 average length of the original micelles of 250 nm (FIG. 1 B), 1 mg (FIG. 1 C) and 2 mg (FIG. 1 D) After PFS53-PI320 of tetrahydrofuran (0.1 mL), the long cylindrical micelles are respectively increased to ~ 500, 750, and 2000 nm, which is roughly proportional to the amount of added PFS53-PI320.

1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 2. triblock micelles M (PFS48-PMVS300) -b-M (PFS53-PI320) -b-M (PFS48-PMVS300) bright field and dark field pattern (A and B), in hexane / tetrahydrofuran solution were assembled triblock micelles M (PFS48-PMVS300) -b-M (PFS53-PI320) -b-M (PFS48-PMVS300) TEM FIG. (C), of PI block after crosslinking reaction, the tetrahydrofuran was transferred to the micelles, PFS53-PI320XL FIG micelle structure (D)
after crosslinking there is only
in order to better explain the respective mechanisms, on the decane solution reconfigured PFS53-PI320 ~ 200 nm of the polymer micelle, the polymer solution was added PFS48-PMVS300 heterogeneous again. After the observation by the TEM, the authors found a new polymer micelle has also been a corresponding growth, this time displaying the DLS test polymer micelle length increased ~ 1000 nm, which proved the corresponding \”active self-assembly\” occurs again. A dark field image of a new polymer micelle forming clearly shows, by containing a metal element having a relatively lighter color PFS53-PI320 block in the middle of the new polymer micelle, and the new addition of heterogeneous micelles in PFS48-PMVS300 both ends of the epitaxial growth, thus forming a novel \”triblock\” polymer micelle (FIG. 2A and B). This \”triblock\” block polymer micelles PI320 crosslinking and redispersed after tetrahydrofuran, since the block can be dissolved in THF PMVS, in tetrahydrofuran triblock polymer after crosslinking still presents a rod-like structure (FIG. 2D), which is further proof of the epitaxial growth pattern micelles.
1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 3. The assembly mechanism discussed PFS-PI block polymer.
In general, PFS-PI block copolymer alkane solvent, after cooling Chen after technology, can be uniformlyDispersed micelle core, the free end of the rod-like structure in the chain may be deposited, this process is accompanied by the epitaxial crystal PFS segment. Once this process is completed, further growth is stopped accordingly. After the addition of the polymer solution may be blended, micelles growing chain may be obtained restarted again, which can give a longer rod-like structure or a triblock micelles (FIG. 3). This work demonstrated self-assembly mechanism, and clearly shows how the rod-shaped micelles to give a uniform length distribution, while also providing a viable solution for precise control of the length of the blocks and the composition of the micelle.

The second Science: unidirectional growth noncentrosymmetric cylindrical micelles Traditional self-assembly, and the series of assembly embodiment previously reported, including an \”active self-assembled\” scheme, can be obtained only symmetric micelles (FIG. 4A). This is because the micelles are conventional in both ends of the active sites exist, if one end of the extension may be prevented by appropriate means micelles, polymeric micelles can then perform specific growth along the other end, can be to give non-centrosymmetric structure of novel micelles. Found OF PI after the end of the corresponding cross-linking reaction, so that this end can be directly deactivated, this provides the feasibility to achieve the growth direction of the single micelle. The micelles of the triblock M ends of the PI (PI1424-PFS63) -b-M (PFS60-PDMS600) -b-M (PI1424-PFS63) a crosslinking reaction, and selectively removing the corresponding midblock, to give the sub-micelles have a single active site (FIG. 4B). Was added a solution of active polymer in a sub-micelles have a single active site, as PFS60-b-PDMS660 novel solution to obtain a single micelle XLM growth direction (PI1424-b-PFS63) -bM (PFS60-b-PDMS660 ), in addition, with the increase in the polymer solution, the micelles grow in a single direction corresponding end may become longer, which is asymmetrical construction provides a novel micelle solution. 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息!

1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! FIG. 4. Symmetry triblock micelles (Panel A) activity by conventional self-assembly of micelles of the triblock middle micelle selective dissolution can be obtained while site of inactivation, with the other side of the twin micelles (FIG. B) active site.
Meanwhile, Authors also found that by XLM (PI1424-b-PFS63) -bM (PFS60-b-PDMS660) was added micellar PFS64-b-P2VP837 active polymer having the polar component can be obtained a novel triblock star coronal section micelles (FIG. 5). Studies have shown that in the new micellar system, M (PFS60-b-PDMS660) segment to act as an effective link coronal end of the inner core micelles and micelles. This novel approach opens the asymmetric \”active self-assembled\” in the world.
1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 5. amphiphilic triblock star micelles in a single direction epitaxial growth.

Part III Science: Multidimensional Hierarchy cylindrical micelles of amphiphilic self-assembly \”active self-assembled\” in constructing a simple, controllable length and structure of cylindrical micelles , it has already demonstrated a very big advantage. How can the \”active self-assembly\” has been multi-dimensional levels of cylindrical micelles is still a question worth pondering. By skillfully selecting the hydrophilic and lipophilic groups, polymeric micelles prepared exquisitely multidimensional hierarchy in a suitable solvent, is particularly important. In the previous Science, the authors found that provides an effective way to create new topography of micelles prepared by two tri-block amphiphilic micelles, so in this post, the authors focus on the design of amphiphilic triblock rubber beam, to build more complex micelle structure by changing the structure of the hydrophilic and lipophilic block, try \”active self-assembly.\” 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息!

1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! FIG 6. Construction \”Hydrophobic – hydrophilic – hydrophobic\” and \”hydrophilic – hydrophobic – hydrophilic\” triblock micelles
by previous studies showed that when a triblock with different hydrophilic and hydrophobic micellar structure will be \”active self-assembled\” in solution tend to exhibit different self-assembled morphology. PDMS is a hydrophobic group (H), and having a hydrophilic group P2VP (P), by means of crystallization with the corresponding PFS group, for adjusting the length of the block can be obtained (PHP) and (HPH) type triblock section cylindrical micelles (FIG. 6). In the co-solvent of isopropanol / hexane, P-H-P triblock micelles tend to exhibit class arrangement of train tracks. In the pure solvent isopropanol, P-H-P-based rendering parallel brush-like arrangement, while the length of the bristles in this micelleWith the growth of the P segment is stretched. In the pure less polar hexane solvent, triblock micelles presenting chain structure (FIGS. 7A and B) connected end to end, in a solvent, decane, this micelle presents multidimensional mesh structure (FIG. 7D). P micelles appropriately reduced lengths and increase the length H micelles, random network structure obtained micelle (FIG. 7 C),
1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 7 a plastic triblock PHP the resulting self-assembled morphology beam
HPH triblock micelles utilize more complex geometries available in isopropanol, three-dimensional superlattice structure (FIGS. 8A and B). When the tip length increases, a three-dimensional superlattice structure have also collapsed, and then converted into one-dimensional stripe structure (FIG. 8C), this micelle after negative staining fluorescent dye, can be directly observed by fluorescence microscopy in solution state. The results are shown in the micellar solution remains and this three-dimensional one-dimensional superlattice state (FIG. 8D, E and F).
1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 8. a HPH triblock micelles composed of 1D and 3D superlattice structure

Part IV Science: derived from the crystalline polymeric co and a sheet-like homogeneous blend hollow rectangular micelles in addition to one-dimensional columnar, three-dimensional superlattice structure, how the \”active self-assembly\” get some other two-dimensional structures, still inspire Study interested persons. The researchers found that the polymer (PFS36-b-P2VP502 and PFS20 homopolymer or PFS36-b-PDMS560 and PFS20 monopolymer) was added in the mixing of the two components obtained by PFS28-b-PDMS560 cylindrical micelles in solution , dominated by isopropanol isopropanol / hexane mixture, to give the corresponding rectangle can micelles. Such causes of new 2D rectangular PFS micelles that less components, a mixture of polymers added to the new epitaxial growth tends to tail and side of the original cylindrical micelles. Furthermore, in rectangular micelles obtained (PFS36-b-P2VP502 and PFS20 monopolymer) prepared PFS28-b-PDMS560 and the P2VP block by the use of crosslinking metallic Pt, and selectively removing embedded in THF PDMS560 section having a hollow structure can be obtained2D rectangle micelles. 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息!

1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 9. active self-assembly was prepared multidimensional 2D rectangular configuration perforations
In order to obtain a more sophisticated multi-dimensional structure of the perforated rectangular 2D, the original OF is contemplated cylindrical micelles in rectangular peripheral micelles formed micelles continue to grow, while selectively eliminating the specific block, to obtain a rectangular 2D multidimensional micelles. OF then added (PFS36-b-PDMS560 and PFS20 monopolymer) 2D rectangular base micelle solution was obtained, the original attempt PFS28-b-PDMS560 rectangular micelles further added (PFS36-b-P2VP502 monomeric and PFS20 thereof) was found to be the original micelles and vertical and horizontal growth, resulting in a larger rectangular 2D micelles. This after corresponding Pt micelle and crosslinked 2D rectangular configuration (FIG. 9) after selectively removing THF, the novel can be hollow. Further, the respective materials different groups after negative staining dye can be obtained that have multiple components and variable fluorescence colorful colloidal structures (FIG. 10). At the same time, since hydrogen bond P2VP group, an average diameter of ~ 70 nm silicon dioxide material may be selectively adsorbed on this micelle surface. These novel micelles in fluorescence imaging, and an electronic sensing and catalysis may have potential uses.
1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Figure 10. The resulting dye negatively stained 2D rectangular micelles

Part V Science: Materials surface \”planted\” multifunctional micelle brush [ 123] can be prepared after a series of one-dimensional, two-dimensional, three-dimensional cylindrical, rectangular and the like superlattice novel micellar morphology of the \”active self-assembly\” precise, Shanghai Jiaotong 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Qiuhui Bin and Professor Ian Manners together again reported for \”active self-assembled\” the material surface by poly (ferrocenyl dimethylsilane) – poly (2 vinylpyridine) (PFS-b-P2VP) hydrogen bonding of silicon and P2VP, PFS36-b-P2VP502 micelle core may be a seed planted in the surface of the wafer, addition of various amounts of growth micellar solution PFS20-b after -P2VP140, micelles may be in the surface of the wafer \”Grass-like \”growth, the growth of the micelles and this length of about newly added amount of micelles (FIG. 11A-D). At the same time this hydrophilic-lipophilic properties of the wafer surface by the dropwise addition of a micelle solution corresponding micellar growth control, such as the growth of micelles by the addition of PFS-b-P2VP into PFS-b-PDMS, the surface contact angle from 68 ° to corresponding changes 107 ° (FIG. 11E-F). Since the 2-vinylpyridine modifying group having an adjustable length and of late, after the growth of the micelle surface of silicon brush can be protonated to obtain micelles having a highly hydrophilic surface, while since the coordination and the in situ reduction of the pyridine group, this brush micelles may be directly modifying the surface of gold nanoparticles, or reduced in situ to give silver nanoparticles. such \”active self-assembled\” construction provides a novel way for the organic / inorganic hybrid material, to obtain a modified gold nanoparticle micellar brush have good catalytic properties, and the silver nanoparticles can be modified micelles related antibacterial brush application.

Figure 11. the multifunctional micelles grown on a silicon wafer 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息!
just silicon, in the graphene surface can also be \”active self-assembled\”, there is provided a more excellent carrier assembly coupled through respective hydrogen bonds, two-dimensional graphene sheet. oF surprisingly found also in the surface of the graphene can successfully be \”planted\” micelles (FIG. 12A-E), after planting micelles graphene deposition material can be prepared, effective separation of heptane and water (FIG. 12F ~ H), addition of such a film material is also considered metal species may preferably be filtered (FIG. 12I).
Figure 12. planting multifunctional micelles graphene oxide substrate surface 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息!
Figure 12. graphene oxide substrate surface planting multifunctional micelles \”active self-assembled\” as a young self-assembly technology, has developed nearly 12 years, twelve years we have witnessed the micelles to come out from the solution, the growth in the graphene surface by solid surface micelle growth, as well as organic and inorganic hybrid micelles, more potential applications may have been excavated, \”active self-assembly,\” the next two years we should expect original and reference links:!


  • https://science.sciencemag.org/content/337/6094/559
  • https://science.sciencemag.org/content/347/6228/1329
  • [ 123] https://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6286/697

  • https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6469/1095

  • [123 ] author:

Professor Ian Manners is a world famous inorganic, polymer chemists and materials, now the University of Bristol (University of Bristol), Professor, Department of Chemistry, the Canadian Academy of Sciences Fellow (Fellow to the Royal Society of Canada, FRSC) and the British Academy (Fellow of the Royal Society of London, FRS), while for the EU Marie Curie Chair Professor (Marie Curie Chair). Block copolymers proposed in recent years, Professor Manners crystal drive \”activity\” is the self-assembly of polymer science a new international hot research. Professor Manners in this area has greatly expanded the theoretical basis of the field of polymer self-assembly, research work has been published in many high-level academic journals. Professor Ian Manners has so far published over 630 (H-index = \”86, he cited more than 21,000 times), including Science (7 Pian), Nature\” sub-Journal (17), JACS (> 90 articles), Angew (> 50 papers) and so on. 11 patents, authored four professional books, published more than 500 invited and the General Assembly. 1个体系做了十余年,磨出5篇《Science》!这些胶束形貌美到令人窒息! Prof. Mitchell A. Winnik is the Royal Canadian Academy of Sciences, the field of macromolecular self-assembly of a famous scholar, Professor Ian Manners and together create a \”crystal drive self-assembly,\” \”active self-assembled\” This new field of study, research to promote self-assembly and controllable High-level forward. According to ISI index, professor Winnik is \”Most Cited Author\” field of chemistry; published more than 670 papers, including Science, Nature Materials, Nature Chemistry, J Amer Chem Soc, Angew Chem Int Ed international…….. well-known authoritative journals, citations more than 20,000 times.