High conductivity, machine washable fabric wearable electronic

Wearable electronic devices has become the focus areas, such as health monitoring, motion detection and other equipment are well into people\’s lives. The new generation of electronic textile wearable device, however, the conventional wearable electronic conductive yarn fabrics typically require the preparation of complex and time consuming and the use of weaving, embroidery technology, the trend is mainly by coating or printing to achieve integration. Electronic textile based on the price of expensive metals, are often toxic and not biodegradable, while their high processing temperatures limits the choice of fabric material. Graphene has excellent electrical, mechanical and other properties, it can be prepared electronic textile substituted metal. Reduced graphene oxide (RGO) between surface functional groups of the fabric there bonding interactions, covalent bonding, etc., the fabric has a good adhesion, but because the reduction process resulting in crystal structure defects, poor conductivity of RGO , which limits its application. Thus, the development of large scale production, graphene-based wearable electronic textile is still very difficult and high conductivity washable. Recently, University of Manchester, Nazmul Karim et who reported a highly conductive, machine washable graphene-based wearable electronic fabric [ 123]. The researchers used scale padding graphene dispersion was applied to the fabric, can produce 150 meters of conductive fabric within 1 minute, followed by rolling and packaging, to achieve the lowest current reported electronic textile sheet resistance ( ≈11.92 Ω / sq), and the fabric after washing 10 machine still has a high conductivity, which does not affect the bending machine wash, compression deformation responsive, while expanding the skin applied to the super capacitor and the strain sensor. Work related to \”Highly Conductive, Scalable, and Machine Washable Graphene-Based E-Textiles for Multifunctional Wearable Electronic Applications\” in the title, recently published \” Advanced Functional Materials \” on. 高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物

[explain] Photo Researchers Firstly scale microfluidic law out of the concentrated release graphene dispersed in water, followed by padding process using graphene dispersion is applied to the fabric, may be very high speed (≈150m / min ) to produce a graphene based electronic textile. With the increasing number of coating the fabric sheet resistance will be gradually reduced, the sheet resistance of the coating 5 remains substantially unchanged, suitable curing temperature and curing time can be reduced sheet resistance of the fabric, but too high temperature will result fibrous structure and melting and increasing the sheet resistance disappears. Subsequent rolling process can reduce the distance between the graphene on the fabric, thereby further reducing the sheet resistance of the fabric can be reduced to ≈11.92 Ω / sq, which is the lowest resistance current report electronic textile can be achieved.

高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物 FIG. 1 and the electronic conductive fabric morphology
between the reduced graphene oxide and hydrogen bonding interactions present in the fabric so that it has good adhesion to the fabric surface, electronic textile has good washing ability. Electronic textile resistance can roll or single sealant encapsulated treated washing random number increases sharply increased, while the electronic textile after the pressing and packaging machine repeatedly washed graphene remains firmly attached on the surface of the fabric, having a lower sheet sheet resistance.
高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物 Figure 2 washes the fabric appearance and electron conductivity
Electronic fabric having a high conductivity and flexibility suitable for wearable sensing applications, researchers studied 10 washed twice electronic textile machine for bending, compression deformation responsiveness. The results show, the front and back fabric before and after washing electron bending, compression deformation responsiveness remains substantially unchanged, multiple folding, bending the sheet resistance of the fabric will not have an impact.
高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物 Figure 3 machine in response to modification of the electronic textile
Researchers electronic textile based on graphene doped with H2SO4 aqueous PVA-based gel polymer electrolyte composite before and after the wash, supercapacitor preparation. The super capacitor is controlled by a double phenomenon, showing a good surface capacitance (≈2.4 mF / cm2) and cycle stability (after 15,000 cycles can retain about 98%), while exhibiting excellent flexibility.
高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物 FIG. 4 is used as an electronic textile supercapacitor
Research alMembers also attached to different parts of the electronic textile finger, wrist, elbow and the like as strain sensor body wearable, fabric exhibited good motion detection capability, washed 10 times dryer fabric still having similar test sensitivity.
高导电性、可机洗的可穿戴电子织物 FIG. 5 is used as electronic textile strain sensor

Summary Researchers use scale padding, roll pressing and packaging wearable high conductivity and electronic textile machine washable based process for preparing a graphene achieve the lowest current electronic textile sheet resistance, repeated washing machine will not affect the high conductivity of the fabric, it may be applied to the wearable sensor and many other fields such as super capacitors, this work will help to develop the next generation of multi-functional graphene-based electronic wearable fabric. Related links: https: //onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adfm.202000293