Summary of project is Di Yuanshi team, South China: Based on the macromolecular bricks method of self-assembling molecules music
In recent years, self-assembled macromolecules made rapid development, and is widely used in drug, nanolithography, catalysis, molecular electronic devices, sensors and the like. As we all know, the material properties and functions not only related to the chemical composition of the material, but also the internal structure of different scales are closely related. Small differences in chemical structure may cause great differences on the assembly structure and function. In recent years, with the \”click\” the development of the reaction, having a specific shape and force to be accurately synthesized macromolecules. These macromolecules having a specific shape interaction exhibit diverse behaviors novel assembly, the assembled structure and functions. Recently, ProfessorInstitute for Advanced Soft Matter Science and Technology Task Force and Professor Huang Mingjun research group [123 ], polymer science journals top Summary Progress in polymer Science table issued entitled \” the role of architectural engineering in macromolecular self-assemblies via non-covalent interactions: review article a molecular LEGO approach \”a. The paper and comprehensive summary of the assembly behavior of polymer macromolecules, dendrimers, giant molecules, colloids, and the like from the viewpoint of the DNA and protein engineering system configuration, emphasis focused on the self-assembled macromolecules cycle and quasi-periodic structure . South China University of Technology is the first article units, Dr. Suze Bin as the first author , co-corresponding author Professor Stephen ZD Cheng and Professor Huang Mingjun for the article. In this article, the authors propose a new concept: a simple building blocks (building blocks) can be assembled into primitives macromolecules (macromolecular motifs) having a complex structure and interaction of these molecules primitives by non-covalent force further assemble into ordered structures . This process LegoBuilding blocks of stitching there are many similarities, also known as Lego methods. The overall shape of the article to which the building blocks are divided into five categories, namely, polymer coils, dendrimers, rod-like molecules, discotic molecule and a polyhedron (Table 1). It may be five basic building blocks of the same category or across a combination of compositions, can be obtained a total of 15 combinations (FIG. 1), a polymer of two or more coils can be constructed, for example, a block copolymer; high polyhedral Nanomolecular giant molecules coils may be constructed of a surfactant; and a polymer of the discotic liquid crystalline polymer coils can be constructed; dendrimer molecule may be configured with polyhedrons nano dendritic giant molecule; discotic molecules may be formed with nano polyhedral shape giant amphiphilic body; nanomolecule more polyhedron may be formed like a giant polyhedron. The article describes in detail the fifteen primitives macromolecular assembly behavior, with particular emphasis on structural and related functional description of assembly.