Ten building the latest technology, will subvert the future!
Over the past centuries, building materials continues to introduce new leading engineering continue to create more beautiful, stronger and more comfortable buildings. Then the future would be like building technology? Below these ten exciting architectural innovation in the near future, some of which have even been applied today. First, the self-healing concrete Concrete is the most widely used building material in the world. In fact, it is the second largest consumer goods on the planet after water. There are a wide range of cheap concrete and adaptability advantages, but also easy to crack, compression performance will deteriorate under extreme heat and extreme cold environments. In the past the only way to repair cracked concrete is repaired it, strengthen it, or to knock it down and start from scratch. But after the necessary any longer. In 2010, graduate and professor of chemical engineering at the University of Rhode Island created a new \”smart\” concrete, can be \”smart\” to repair their own cracks. This is because the concrete mix water glass embedded micro capsules. When a crack is generated, a gelatinous capsules break and release healing agents, hard to fill the gap, to achieve self-healing. This is not the only self-repair method for repairing concrete. Other researchers using bacteria or embedded glass capillary polymeric microcapsules or similar effect. However, researchers at the University of Rhode Island that their method is the most cost-effective. Extend the life of concrete can bring huge environmental benefits. At present concrete production worldwide accounted for 5% of global carbon dioxide emissions. Our Intelligent concrete structure will not only safer, but also can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Second, a carbon nanotube Carbon nanotubes have any other material than on the earth have high specific strength, the thickness can be stretched over one million times. A nanometer (nm) is only one of a billionth of a meter, which is a little small. The thickness of a sheet of paper is 100000nm. Human nail growth speed of approximately 1nm per second, even if only human DNA strand 2.5nm wide. It would appear that structure \”nano\” level of material seems to be impossible. But scientists and engineers through the use of cutting-edge technology such as electron beam lithography technology, has successfully created a nanotube wall thickness of only 1nm. When the large particles becomes small, the surface area is increasing. Carbon nanotubes than that on earthAny material which high specific strength, the thickness can be stretched over one million times. Carbon nanotubes of high quality and light intensity, so that they can be embedded in other metals, concrete, wood and other building materials and glass materials to increase density and tensile strength. Engineers even try to join the nanosensor in building materials, so it can be monitored prior to rupture and material cracking. Third, a transparent aluminum Transparent aluminum may require a smaller internal support to build tall glass wall skyscrapers. For decades, the chemical engineer dreamed of developing a combination of strength and durability of metal and glass-like translucent material. Such \”transparent metal\” can be a small internal support to build tall glass wall skyscrapers. Military construction can install this thin, transparent metal windows subjected to artillery fire from the most senior. As early as the 1980s, scientists began experimenting with new one kind of ceramic consisting of aluminum, oxygen and nitrogen mixed powder is formed. Ceramic heat treatment and cooling process to give high hardness crystalline material. They will be placed under tremendous pressure mixing aluminum, high-temperature heating for several days at 2000 ℃ (3632F), to produce the final polishing of transparent materials such as glass new ships and both the strength of the aluminum. This is considered to be transparent ALON space or aluminum materials have been used in the production of military armored windows and optical lenses. Fourth, the permeable concrete larger particles and produce many missing sand bitumen permeable, interconnected voids, by allowing the water surface, can be reduced stormwater runoff. When the storm hit, rain will fall into pieces, water falls on the road, sidewalk and parking, erosion debris and contaminants from the surface of the earth, petrol these potentially hazardous chemicals sewers and streams impinge directly . US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has confirmed that stormwater runoff in urban areas is a major source of water pollution. Filter toxic substances from the rain, is both a natural and effective solution. Soil is a huge filter, metals and other inorganic substance was filtered off. With the penetration of rain down through the layers of soil, microbial and plant roots absorb excess chemicals. Understand this point, the engineers have created a new type of pervious concrete, which allows rainwater into the soil through the road and let nature do its work filters.Porous concrete sand and rock composed of larger particles, so that the road 15% to 35% open voids. Pervious concrete slabs laid over gravel or other porous substrate, so that rain water will flow into the soil below. Permeable asphalt concrete is a good alternative to the parking lot, not only can significantly reduce runoff, its light color tones can also reflect sunlight and keep cool in the summer. Fifth, the airgel insulation material on the Aerogels carbon sponge, helium gas which is lighter than the cherry, it can absorb 250 to 900 times its own weight of oil. If Michelangelo\’s famous marble statue of David is made of airgel, it will only 4 pounds (2 kilograms)! Aerogels are one of the planet\’s most low-density material, a foam-like solid material, Although there are almost as light as air to ensure a fixed shape. Some airgel density of only 3 times the air, but is usually 15 times the weight of the airgel is air. You might think such as hair spray gel is generally wet substances. In fact airgel is obtained by excluding liquid gel system. Than 90% to 99% of the air is removed, leaving only the silica structure. Airgel little weight, but the fabric can be stretched into a sheet of airgel. In construction projects, the airgel fabric has a characteristic \”super insulation\” in which the heat is difficult to pass the porous structure. Airgel insulating capability tests showed that the fabric is 2 to 4 times the traditional fiberglass or foam insulation material. Once the price is moderate, it can be widely used in construction. VI thermostat tile reflect Since a table having a surface temperature control, when the heat something on the table top, the desktop will change color. Now, a company called mobile colors (MovingColor) the production of decorative tiles A glass, ceramic tile surface is coated with a thermochromatic dye, the surface temperature can vary typically occur as \”live.\” At room temperature, ceramic tile is a glossy black, but when you come into contact with tile or light or direct contact with warm water, tiles change color like the aurora borealis into a rainbow of blue, green and pink. Seven groups of academic research in artificial intelligence robot building Harvard University in 2014 AAAS meeting in Chicago onMembers KirstinPetersen demonstrates robot developed by termites inspired. One of the most ingenious builders nature is humble termite. It is only with the brain the size of grains of sand, with thousands of \”compatriots\” work to build a huge complex of mud structure together. Termites phenomenon attracted the attention of Harvard University robotics researchers, because this insect is not listening to commands from the center of the nest, but each termite work under the provisions of the gene program behavior. This group of single-minded individuals together to create a monumental \”clay\” work. Inspired by termites, researchers from Harvard University research team organized system set up small groups to work building a robot. Four tiles conveyed by the robot on the ground, climbing walls and brick laying the brick. They have a sensor to detect the presence of other rules press working robots do not interfere with each other. Like termites, as no one \”control\” them, but they work together in accordance with the program design into reality. Imagine this scenario: swarms of robots to build a wall along the dam flooded the shoreline; tens of thousands of miniature robots built space station on Mars, or the deep seabed gas pipeline is assembled robots wandering flocks of sea. eight SmartWay a New Zealand company has built a large-scale \”energy mat\” that can give electric cars parked wireless charging. The next step is the wireless charging technology is embedded in the actual road surface, so that electric vehicles can be charged on the move, and will not need charging stations! Other interesting ideas may also be implemented in the future, such as pavement absorbs sunlight for power generation, or piezoelectric material is embedded road, passing vehicles capture vibrational energy and convert it to usable energy. nine, carbon dioxide construction carbon dioxide emissions by power plants and vehicles are the largest source of man-made greenhouse gases. Each year, we have about 30 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Currently, a group of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers have successfully used the transgenic Saccharomyces carbon dioxide gas for conversion of solid carbon-based building materials. Like Harvard, \”termite\” the same team, the MIT researchers used genetically modified yeast filled a beaker can use only 1 pound (0.5 kg) of carbon dioxide productionA 2 lbs (1 kg) of solid carbonate. Imagine that they can make use of 30 billion tons of carbon dioxide to produce carbon number of bricks. X., 3D printing houses 3D printing house has finally become a reality. Recently, a Dutch construction company has launched an ambitious public art project to build a 3D printing house. But first they have to build one of the world\’s largest 3D printer, called Kamermaker or \”house maker.\” Kamermaker use of plastic as raw material, can be printed as large as Lego plastic components, after which the assembly into large each room of the house. Once again, like Lego building blocks, put together in each room, plus an external molding of the print design houses look like traditional Dutch Bangshui small house. In Earlier, a domestic enterprises have already started using the 3D printer to build houses. Ten building innovative technology, is gradually becoming a reality.