The new materials include which industries? The most promising new materials in the future
Material is the cornerstone of industrial development, and the emergence of new materials will allow product upgrades, like the emergence of biodegradable plastic bags, plastic pollution eased. So what are the new materials with greater development potential of it over the next decade, two decades? Yin set the following network Xiaobian to brief introduction of new materials, including what the industry and the future reorganization of the most promising new material for your reference. including new materials which industries? Ministry of Industry, \”focused on new materials and demonstration of the first times the Guiding Catalog\” (2018 edition) which is divided into these categories: basic materials Advanced Advanced Steel Advanced non-ferrous materials Advanced Materials advanced inorganic non-metallic materials other key materials strategic materials and high-performance fiber composite materials rare Earth functional materials advanced semiconductor materials and new materials show new energy materials forefront of a new material, then take a closer look can be found, including new materials (involving) the industry are: machinery, railway, automotive, aviation, marine, offshore wind power, home appliances, thermal power, nuclear power, engines, bridges, buildings, pressure vessels, medical, 3D printing, chemical equipment, heat transfer equipment, new energy batteries, electronic circuits, new display, industrial wastewater treatment, desalination, thin-film photovoltaic encapsulation , the OLED display, a quantum dot encapsulated, water desalination, denitration, sub-quality brine, and concentrated, blending the modifier, fiber, cable insulation and the like. the future of the most promising new materials 1, never dry material NEVERDRY Application: can be used to make artificial skin with a bionic robot and flexible functionality. The main mechanism (Corporation): 2 MIT, programmable breakthrough cement: cement particles (a component of concrete) \”programming\” shape to make it more robust. It also produces a less porous and more with water and chemical resistance of the concrete particles, which not only prevents damage to the water and chemical absorption caused, but also less harmful to the environment. Applications: construction, industrial. Major research institutions (company): Rice University make wrinkles disappear material Application: Application has good prospects in the development of skin care products and skin treatment. Major research institutions (company): Massachusetts Institute of Technology Unlimited recyclable plastic Breakthrough: can be recycled indefinitely, while maintaining the properties of the plastic. Applications: plastic alternative to existing major research institution (company): Colorado State University, artificial spider silk breakthrough: the bacteria are fed sugar, salt and other micronutrients to produce the silk proteins to make, then these proteins into fine powder, and processed spun into fibers, composite materials and the like. Applications: textile materials, medical ships and aircraft manufacturing and other fields. Major research institutions (companies): Japan Spiber company, the Brazilian Institute of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, United States Bolt Threads company, the University of Cambridge Research Institute, the Swedish Agricultural University. biomimetic plastic Breakthrough: The material is extracted from shrimp shells discarded from chitin and consisting of silk fibroin, the strength of replicate insect cuticle, durability and versatility. Applications: can be used in the manufacture of rapidly degradable garbage bags, diapers and packaging materials. As a particularly robust biocompatible material, which may be wound for suturing withstand high loads, such as hernia repair or tissue regeneration scaffold. The main mechanism (Corporation): Biomimetic Engineering Institute of Harvard University Wyss Sponge timber Breakthrough: Wood sponge is treated with chemicals, hemicellulose and lignin from peeling, can absorb oil from the water, the absorption an amount of 16-46 times its own weight, can be reused up to 10 times. The new sponge or surpassed all other absorbent sponge we use today in the capacity, quality and reusability aspects. major research institutions (Corporation): Chinese Academy of Forestry Biological Material Strength Breakthrough: The material is made from wood and plant derived cellulose nanofibers, ultimate tensile stiffness of the structure 86 gigapascals (GPa), tensile strength of 1.57 GPa, spider silk strength stronger than 8 times, and biodegradable. Applications: as non-degradable plastics and other objects of great alternative. Major research institutions (company): Stockholm\’s KTH Royal Institute of Technology self-healing (healing) Material Breakthrough: self-studyIs a complex material sensitive to changes in the external environment, set perception, information processing in one drive and, by simulating damage self-repairing mechanism of the organism, and the material can be damaged when the smart materials to repair itself. Applications: military equipment, electronic products, automobiles, aircraft, building materials and other fields. Major research institutions (company): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Illinois, Michelin, Japan\’s National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Yokohama National University, University of Tokyo platinum alloy breakthrough: the alloy from 10% made of gold and 90% platinum, the resultant abrasion resistance than high strength steel material is 100 times higher. The nature of diamonds, sapphires and other materials at the same level. This alloy is said to be by far the strongest alloys. Application: manufacture of new electricity generation systems can be used, engines and other equipment. Major research institutions (company): Sandia National Laboratories crystallite lattice Source: nickel-phosphorus from HRL Laboratories and microcrystalline grid. Breakthrough: Microcrystalline cell material is the world\’s lightest metal structure in combination, it is in the shape of a three-dimensional open cell polymeric structure. Density of this material is 0.9 milligrams per cubic centimeter, 100 times lighter than foam. Applications: aviation is expected in the development of new materials, Boeing plans to create the outcome lighter fuel aircraft province. The main mechanism (Corporation): the HRL laboratory Molecular glue Breakthrough: invades the cells from suppurative streptococcus the released protein, this protein will be divided into two parts, but when they meet again , as they are like gum incredibly strong stick together; adhesive proteins by these two parts, known as the molecular glue (molecular superglue). This strong adhesive bond strength; it resistance to high and low temperature, resistance to acid, and other harsh environments, and can be sealed quickly. major research institutions (Corporation): Oxford University platinum thin breakthrough: a fast, low cost method of depositing a new thin layer of platinum for fuel cells will reduce the amount of catalyst metal becomes more practical, thereby greatly reducing its cost. Applications: hydrogen fuel cells is mainly research institutions (companies): US National Institute of Standards and Technology Karta-Pack (cotton) Breakthrough: 100% post consumer materials from waste jeans and T-shirt, having a feeling of cotton, but rigid plastic. Applications: high-end packaging, furniture design. Major research institutions (company): PulpWorks Graphene airgel breakthrough: both strong and elastic, and very light, it can even absorb up to 900 times the weight of grease. Graphene airgel density of 0.16 mg / cm 3, lower than the density of helium, hydrogen is only twice the density. Application: ocean oil spill clean-up, or as a very effective insulation material. Major research institutions (company): Zhejiang University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. may block sunlight glass coating Breakthrough: A new coating material may adjust itself the transparency of glass, the temperature above 67ºC, this will become clear coating the reflective metal-like finish, reflected sunlight. Applications: construction, transportation and so on. Major research institutions (company): Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Flexible battery Application: the future of intelligent clothing, electronics, textiles, wearable devices, and the perfect choice for flexible deformation or equipment. Major research institutions (company): Jenax Inc, Apple, Panasonic, University of California, San Diego, Columbia University, and so on. grown from organisms biodegradable textiles breakthrough: the use of living organisms to grow biodegradable textiles, to create environment-friendly materials, the garment industry waste and pollution freed from fashion, Some may even produce a nearly complete articles without the need for factory assembly. Application areas: clothing, textiles. Major research institutions (company): New York City\’s Fashion Institute of Technology, iknit company as hard as rock coating Breakthrough: industrial drill bits, drilling and props specially designed top, iron-based, glassy the alloy coating, more resistant to breakage under heavy load. Much lower cost than an ordinary coating material, such as tungsten carbide cobalt, which increases the efficiency of long life of the tunnel during tunneling. Application:Industrial, manufacturing, construction and so on. Major research institutions (company): Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Colorado University of Mining and Technology. Fungal foam Breakthrough: crop waste from the plant stalks, rice and the shell manufacture mushroom with wheat roots bonded together (referred to as mycelium). Ecovative design firm knowledge summary above is about the new materials industry, which includes the most promising future of new materials: major research institutions (companies). From the micro perspective, technical relations in the new material to everyone\’s survival (health, environment); from the media watch, new materials and technologies related to national economic development (industrial upgrading); From a macro perspective, new materials technology is related to human survival and may sustainable development. Development of new materials industry given the government, enterprises, research institutions, the capital sector more opportunities, people also deserve more attention.